What Is Bariatric Surgery?
Bariatric surgery reduces the amount of food you can eat and absorb by shrinking your stomach. This can be done in several ways, including removing part of the stomach, placing a band around the stomach, or moving the opening between the stomach and small intestine.
This surgery can be done as a laparotomy (opening the abdomen with a large incision) or laparoscopically (a minimally invasive procedure that uses instruments inserted through the incisions).
General anesthesia is required for pain control during bariatric surgery. You may need to stay in the hospital overnight for several days after surgery.
Types of Bariatric Surgery
- Gastric Sleeve
- Gastric Bypass
- Gastric Balloon
Before Bariatric Surgery
Your healthcare provider will outline the type of procedure you will have, the location and size of the scar you may experience, and the possible side effects and side effects. encountered after surgery. Ask any questions you feel comfortable with before proceeding.
Preparing for weight loss surgery including imaging tests such as an abdominal ultrasound or computed tomography (CT) scan can help your surgeon plan your procedure. If you have structural abnormalities, such as ulcers or polyps, this may affect the method your surgeon uses.
You will need to have a complete blood count (CBC), liver function tests, and blood chemistry tests. Although abnormalities in these tests are not likely to contraindicate surgery, problems such as anemia (low red blood cell count) or low calcium will need to be corrected prior to surgery. In addition, you will need an electrocardiogram (ECG) to test the anesthesia before surgery.
After Bariatric Surgery
In the recovery area, you will continue to have your blood pressure, pulse, breathing rate, and oxygen saturation monitored. In addition, your surgical wound may be examined. And if you have a drain, the liquid in the drain will be observed and emptied. You may be given pain medicine.
Your catheter will be removed and you will be able to use the toilet or potty with assistance. You will likely stay in the hospital for a few days after bariatric surgery. During your stay, you will gradually be able to stand up and walk and use the toilet independently.
During your hospital stay, you will learn how to handle a drain if it is present.
While in the hospital, you can drink clear liquids; you can switch to a liquid or a denser solid.
Because there are several types of obesity treatment procedures, the recovery process can vary. Recovery time is longer if part of the stomach or small intestine is severed.
You will see your healthcare provider for a follow-up appointment within a few days of discharge, and then every few weeks for several months. During these visits, your drains and stitches will be removed, your wound examined, and your surgical dressing changed.
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