Hybrid Prosthesis

What is a Hybrid Prosthesis?

This type of denture consists of a metal structure, in titanium or chromium/nickel, coated with a white resin or porcelain tooth-supporting acrylic material (in different shades) that will provide an aesthetic very similar to that of a dental implant. Dentures. real teeth and gums.

This structure is bolted to the implant previously placed into the patient’s maxillary bone, with specific components (posts) after which the hole of the “screw head” is covered with composite.

Usually, the number of implants placed to support this type of restoration is from 4 to 6, depending on the upper or lower arch.

Advantages of Hybrid Prosthesi

1. Comfort

Because it is a fixed restoration on the implant, it does not move. It also has no palate, so when the patient gets used to it, a few days later it will be like wearing his own teeth.

2. Cosmetology

The appearance resembles natural teeth and the color is decided based on the patient’s skin type and gum color to make them look natural.

3. Less chewing

This type of restoration reduces occlusal forces even more because the acrylic acts as an intermediate stage between the tooth and the metal frame.

4. Easy to repair

The specialist can remove the prosthesis to repair and then replace it.

Types of Hybrid Prostheses

Hybrid Acrylic and Metal Prostheses

It consists of an inner metal core (titanium or chromium-nickel) coated with acrylic resin or gradia, from which gums and teeth are formed. It has the advantage of being the least expensive hybrid prosthesis. Aesthetically, it is similar to a crown denture.

Hybrid Metal and Ceramic Prosthesis

This one consists of a metal core (titanium or chromium-nickel) coated with high strength feldspath ceramic. Ceramic mimics the natural shape and color of teeth and gums, achieving a medium-to-high aesthetic. Its cost is higher than metal and acrylic hybrid restorations, but its durability and adaptability are superior.

Zirconium-Ceramic Hybrid Prosthesis

In this type of hybrid prosthesis, the metal core is made of zirconium and the outer part is made of feldspathic ceramic. Zirconium has the characteristic of being a white metal. This means that when the zirconium core is coated with ceramic, a very high level of aesthetics is achieved. This hybrid prosthesis is slightly more expensive than metal and ceramic.

Before Hybrid Prosthesis

Usually, patients who require pre-dental treatment have several systemic conditions, i.e. those that affect the whole body. Dentists may recommend antibiotic prophylaxis for patients at risk for infectious endocarditis (IE), according to a report published in the Journal of the American Dental Association. , an infection of the lining of the heart. To reduce your risk of developing IE, your dentist or health care provider will give you special care if you have any of the following conditions:

  • Artificial or repaired heart valve
  • The story of IE
  • Congenital heart disease or heart defect
  • Heart transplant causes valve problems

Patients with an artificial joint, such as an artificial hip, knee, shoulder, or elbow, may or may not need prophylactic antibiotics depending on their health care provider’s recommendations. healthy their immune system. Other conditions that can affect a patient’s ability to fight infections include diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and cancer.

After Hybrid Prosthesis

Complications following dental procedures, including swelling and pain, dry socket, osteomyelitis, bleeding, and osteonecrosis of the jaw, are a host of other urgent dental problems that require prompt attention.

Swelling often occurs after certain dental procedures, especially tooth extractions (extraction) and periodontal surgery. Putting an ice pack — or better yet, a plastic bag of frozen beans or corn (according to the shape of your face) — on your cheeks can prevent a lot of swelling. Ice therapy can be used for the first 18 hours.

Colds should be kept on the cheeks for a period of 25 minutes every hour or two. If the swelling continues or increases after 3 days or the pain is severe, an infection may be present and the person should contact a dentist. Pain after dental procedures can be moderate to severe.

The following tips can help ensure a smooth recovery:

  • Don’t wait for the pain to appear. Take pain relievers as prescribed by your doctor.
  • Apply ice to the extraction site for about 10 minutes at a time to help reduce swelling
  • Protects blood clots in the socket. This is especially important within 24 hours of extraction. DO NOT disturb him by spitting or using a straw
  • Gargle around the extraction site 24 hours after the extraction, then brush and floss regularly while you recover.
  • Eat soft foods like soups, yogurts, puddings, and smoothies (with a spoon, of course. Remember, don’t use a straw right after surgery!)
  • Rest for at least 24 hours after tooth extraction and avoid strenuous activities for the next few days.


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