Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of improper positions of teeth and jaws. The most important step of an orthodontic treatment is the diagnosis of the problem exactly. Thus, in our department, advanced technologies such as stereophotogrammetric, cone-beam computed tomography and intraoral scanning images are used for the three-dimensional evaluation of soft-hard tissue and intraoral structures, besides traditional recording methods such as intraoral and extraoral photographs, two-dimensional radiographs and measurement taking.
Time and age to start an orthodontic treatment
Your child’s first orthodontic check should be no later than the age of seven. At this age, although the teeth seem to be lined up properly, there may be a hidden bite problem. There are some clues pointing out these problems:
- Unbalanced face and jaw structure
- Breathing through the mouth
- Difficulty in function (such as chewing, speaking) and biting
- Presence of bad habits such as finger sucking, nail biting, cheek and lip biting
- Jaw structures positioned too forward or backward
- Teeth positioned forward
- Failure of the teeth in the lower and upper jaws to contact or closing abnormally
- Early or late loss of baby teeth
- Presence of crowded, wrongly positioned or unerupted teeth
Patients who do not want to use braces can receive orthodontic treatment with transparent plates specially produced.
CLEFT LIP-PALATE FAMILY GUIDE
What is the cause of a cleft lip and palate?
The lip and palate are cleft in the uterus in the beginning. This cleft coalesces in the sixth and tenth weeks normally and the fetus becomes normal. When this union does not occur, cleft lips and palate occur. During this period, these deformities are diagnosed through routine pregnancy follow-ups and ultrasound.
Which doctors are involved in the treatment of babies with cleft lip and palate?
Plastic surgeon, pediatrician, nutritionist, orthodontist, otolaryngologist, pediatric dentist (pedodondist), speech therapist, psychologist and anesthesiologist. The specialists we have listed will follow your child from infancy to adulthood at appropriate intervals.
When are the lip and palate surgeries performed in babies?
Babies who meet a plastic surgeon immediately after birth can usually undergo two or three surgeries in infancy. While the first surgery for lip repair is performed after the third and fourth months, the palate surgery is performed before the age of one.
What should you do when your baby is born with cleft lip and palate?
A baby born with a cleft lip and palate should first be taken under the control of a plastic surgeon as soon as possible. (S)he should come to the orthodontic clinic as soon as possible (within the first one to two weeks after birth) to make a feeding device or a device to shape the structures of the palate and nose, if deemed appropriate the plastic surgeon.
What kind of treatment is applied to babies with cleft lip and palate in the orthodontics clinic?
Two types of devices are applied to babies in the orthodontics clinic:
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