Graft Operation

What is Dental Bone Graft?

Dental bone grafts add volume and density to your jawbone in areas where bone loss has already occurred. Bone graft material can be obtained from your own body (autogenous) or can be purchased from a human tissue bank (allograft) or an animal tissue bank (xenograft). In some cases, the bone graft material may be synthetic (alloplast).

How Does a Dental Bone Graft Work?

Once the bone graft is placed, your body will have room to repair. In other words, a bone graft is like a scaffold on which your bone tissue can grow and regenerate.

People with jaw bone loss often need a dental bone graft. This procedure may be recommended if you:

  • Tooth extraction.
  • Plan to replace a missing tooth with a dental implant.
  • Need to restore the jaw before making dentures.
  • There are areas of bone loss due to gum (periodontal) disease.

Before Bone Graft Operation?

Before bone graft, the dentist performs a pre-implantation assessment. This pre-implantation evaluation includes a number of tests (3D scanners, panoramic dental X-rays, etc.) implanted. Only after this consultation can the dentist determine the need for surgery prior to implantation. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia of the treated areas.

The surgical procedure for bone grafting before transplantation is determined on a case-by-case basis, depending on the initial condition of the patient’s crest. Generally, the existing bone is cut exactly to the graft’s needs, the soft tissues are pushed back, and the bone graft is placed in.

After Bone Graft Operation

Postoperative recovery varies by intervention and patient (age, general state of health, etc.). Dental bone grafts need a break. On a case-by-case basis, pain relievers and antibiotics may be prescribed to relieve pain after surgery.

It is also necessary to gargle the next day until the wound is completely healed (5 to 8 days) for the wound to heal. Regardless of the prescription, it is essential to follow it to avoid temporary discomfort and pain.

Recovery time depends on a multitude of factors. It is estimated that this recovery time is from 2 weeks to 2 months. Excellent oral hygiene is essential.

In the first days after surgery, do not do physical activities and be very careful when brushing your teeth. The dentist may also advise the patient to apply ice to the cheek opposite the surgical area. Swelling may occur and persist for several days after bone grafting.

To avoid blood clots, tobacco and alcohol should be avoided. In addition, to avoid putting pressure on the previously operated areas, priority should be given to soft foods, avoiding chewing.


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